Sterling, Virginia is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, Virginia. The population as of the 2010 Census was 27,822. It is located northwest of Herndon, east of Ashburn, and west of Great Falls, and includes part of Dulles International Airport and the former AOL corporate headquarters. Sterling is also home to the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office (serving the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area), as well as the Sterling Field Support Center, the National Weather Service test, research, and evaluation center for weather instruments.
In the beginning of 1962, large farms made up the 1,762 acres (7.13 km2) of what today is called Sterling Park. Route 7, also known as Leesburg Pike, bordered what used to be Jesse Hughes’s dairy farm. Hughes arrived in Loudoun County in the early 20th century and was a longtime head of the county’s Democrats. Tavenner had purchased land from Albert Shaw Jr., who had inherited it from his father Albert B. Shaw, editor and publisher of the American Review of Reviews. One of Shaw’s spreads, totaling 1,640 acres (6.6 km2), was called “The Experimental Farm”, because he was the first area farmer to receive a U.S. grant for applying “scientific methods”, as Tavenner called them. According to Tavenner, “White Russians”, refugees from the Soviet Union, ran the farm when Shaw stayed in New York City.
Dulles International Airport and the extension of water and sewer lines to the airport began to change the landscape when construction started in 1959.
As selling points, Loudoun’s taxes were less than half of Fairfax’s taxes; Washington was a half-hour away, and the elder Broyhill envisioned commuter trains on the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, which since 1951, had carried only freight. The railroad tracks were the southern boundary of the present Sterling Park.
The original Sterling Park and “Broyhill’s Addition” had one thing in common. Residents had to be of the “Caucasian Race”. No board member or speaker before the board raised an objection to the clause, a common one in the United States throughout the 1960s, even though discriminatory housing was outlawed by the Civil Rights Act of 1866. No African American family moved into Sterling Park until August 1966, when the illegality of the clause became apparent. By then, the population of “The Park”, as it had come to be known, had reached 5,000Read More ▾
Percentage change from latest quarter vs same time period previous year
Data compiled using 4th quarter 2020 data vs. same period from 2019
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